International Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review <table style="border-style: dotted;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 100%;"> <p><strong>International Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review (IJSSER) (</strong>Online ISSN:<a href="tel:2706-9346">2706-9346</a>) is a double-blind peer-reviewed quarterly open access journal that encourages the latest research on the social sciences, and economics globally. The journal aims to publish quality research and provide access to international libraries to promote the original content in the field of social sciences and economics. IJSSER is academic journal that accepts the high quality theoretical or empirical works throughout the world that contribute genuine knowledge and research in the fields of social sciences and economics. The Journal owned by International Collaboration for Research and Publications. <br /><strong><em>IJSSER is an Open Access Journal</em>.</strong> So, readers can access it freely.</p> <p><a href="">Make a Submission</a> <a href="">Authors Guidelines</a> <a href="">Journal Template</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> International Collaboration for Research and Publications en-US International Journal of Social Sciences and Economic Review 2706-9346 <p>IJSSER has an open access policy to its content to make the research freely available, easy to access, and support the global exchange of knowledge under the terms of the <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0</a>. Researchers and academicians are allowed to download, copy, print, and access the link for the full text of the published material without any charges. As well as, IJSSER allow them to read, distribute, submit to their institution’s library, and any other repositories.</p> Implications of Free Trade Area For Poverty, Household Welfare And Economic Development In Nigeria <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>The study aims to investigate the implications of free trade areas for poverty, household welfare and economic development in Nigeria. </p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This study employed a fully modified least squares (FMOLS) regression technique. The income per capita and unemployment out of many macroeconomics indexes were employed in this study to measure welfare and poverty implications of free trade area respectively. To enable the study, determine the policy and decision-making implications of the free trade area on Nigeria economy, historical data were drawn from the central bank statistical bulletin for 27 years.</p> <p><strong>Main findings:</strong> The estimated results revealed that the income per capita (welfare) model demonstrated a fair view of free trade scenarios as indicated by the explanatory variables; export contributions to gross domestic product and foreign direct investment contributed positively to the welfare of the individual. Besides, the study also found foreign direct investment and export contributions to gross domestic product to have a negative relationship with unemployment, which implies a reduction in the unemployment rate in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Research implications:</strong> This study documented that households’ welfare will be increased by free trade area, while unemployment will also be reduced by participating in free trade area. Based on study findings, policies makers, academia, researchers, the and government will find the study relevant in making policies that promote foreign direct investment, export contributions to the growth of the economy and gross domestic product such as reduction in tariff, simplifying trade regulations, increasing the availability of credit to exporters, creations of duty drawback, improving cooperation among economic actors and overall structural changes which will have positive implications on the households welfare, poverty and economic development.</p> <p><strong>The novelty of the study:</strong> The relevance for free trade area as one among economic policies to promote the welfare and reduce poverty among nations is gaining momentum globally especially African continent. Given the paucity of studies on this area, the study is undertaken as a framework to determine what the implications of free trade areas will be among the African continent.</p> Idris Abubakar Thomas onimisi Abaukaka Muhammad Kabir O. Momoh Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3 3 01 11 10.36923/ijsser.v3i3.88 Congestion at Chittagong Seaport: Causes and Consequences. A case study in Malaysia <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>This study aims to examine the causes of seaport congestion at Chittagong seaport. Seaports are vital instruments of international trade and a key to the economic growth of any country. Seaport congestion is a significant issue faced by most of the seaport. Shipping lines carry the cargo from one seaport to another; seaport congestion faced at the one port has a detrimental effect on the economy and trade of the country.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This study used the survey-based data collected design through convenience sampling from the port employees. The collected data were analysed with SmartPLS 3.2.1.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings: T</strong>he results of importance-performance matrix analysis (IPMA) reveals that the three most important factors causing the congestion at seaport are information technology, equipment, and time.</p> <p><strong>Research implications: </strong>The study findings advocate that seaport authorities need to improve the information technology use at the seaport as well as the equipment utilised for handling the cargo. However, congestion issues can only be resolved by taking a holistic approach and involving all the stakeholders to improve the Chittagong port efficiency as well as bringing trade growth for the country.</p> <p><strong>The novelty of the study:</strong> Current work is that the data was collected from one seaport only but the analysis supported the arguments that the seaport equipment, labour, and customs significantly contributing to the seaport congestion. However, the impact of the infrastructure and information technology is insignificant on the seaport congestion as perceived by the study respondents.</p> Redwan Ahamed Kabir Khalid Helal Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3 3 12 20 10.36923/ijsser.v3i3.103 Building Sustainability Resiliency During Post Covid World Focusing ESG And Climate Risk Issue <p><strong>Purpose of this study: </strong>In accordance with the current world economy, building climate sustainability resiliency is very important under the physical risk and transitional risk mitigation. This classification of climate risks could have an enormous positive impact focusing on ESG (Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance) goal achievement during the post-COVID pandemic situation focusing on climate risk issues. The European Green Deal has also increased the EU’s climate ambitions. In addition, global cooperation on sustainable finance has increased and the international context has changed. The financial sector will play a critical role in our transition to sustainability.The strategy of this study aims to support the European Green Deal aims, as well as an inclusive and sustainable recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic consequences.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>In this study, the relative carbon risk and absolute carbon risk is shown based on the dynamic common factor model. The graphical representation of absolute versus relative carbon risk is measured in this time series data based research on the ten years timeline of 2010 to 2019.</p> <p><strong>Main findings: </strong>The study shows the graphical figure regardingregion-wise dynamics of the relative and absolute carbon emissions risk in an average by adopting the dynamic common factor model throughout the global level by obtaining the Kalman filtering tool.</p> <p><strong>Research limitations/Implications: </strong>Lack of resources of primary data is the main creating hindering effect that is faced in this study. This article portrays the increase in CO2 emissions leading to consequences of climate risk also accelerating these problems within the regions and countriesmentioned in this research.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality: </strong>Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, the developed nations, as well as emerging economies, are facing vulnerability in the area of financial, governmental, environmental to be sustainably resilient. This is the high time of detecting these problems and taking precautionary measures by the policymakers and government in the economic sector by adopting implementable methodologies. This study may benefit readers by advancing the existing knowledge or creating new knowledge in this subject. The current study reflects the situation of forthcoming researchers who intends to study as well as interested in this particular area.</p> Maria Afreen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3 3 21 27 10.36923/ijsser.v3i3.108 Financial Anxiety and Resilience among Rural Poor: An Exploration of Social Work Implication <p><strong>Purpose of the Study:</strong> Financial literacy is the main challenge for the rural population of India. It also plays a vital role in the economic outlook. In India, many poor people do not have a bank account, and only a few understand the concept of financial literacy. Due to lack of financial literacy many rural poor experience financial anxieties hence the present study was taken up to know the financial anxiety and resilience behavior among rural poor.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The present study adopted the descriptive research design 62 respondents were selected for data collection from poor rural households by adopting the purposeful sampling technique in the Kodigenahalli Gram Panchayat jurisdiction. The present study was carried to assess the level of financial anxiety and its relationship with socio-demographical aspects.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings:</strong> The present study found that financial anxiety is experienced by the rural poor, and there is a correlation between education, occupation, number of household members with financial anxiety of the respondents.</p> <p><strong>Implication:</strong> The researcher proposed the need for Social Work Intervention to address financial anxiety and financial literacy.</p> <p><strong>The novelty of the study:</strong> The present study has described the level of financial literacy and financial anxiety that exists among the rural poor in Karnataka (India) and explored the scope of Financial Social Work in addressing financial literacy and financial anxiety. Financial Social Work changes the conversation about money. It provides a different way of thinking about money and it offers a better way of working with clients around the role of money in their lives, problems and issues.</p> Sachin B S Ramesh B Saravana K Rajashekar C Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3 3 28 34 10.36923/ijsser.v3i3.111 An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Government Health Expenditures on the Performance of the Health Sector in Nigeria <p><strong>Purpose of the Study:</strong> The purpose of the study is to examine whether government health expenditures have an impact on the health sector performance in Nigeria for the period (1979-2019).</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The study employs the expo facto research design. The annual time series data were sourced from World Development Indicators (WDI) and the Statistical Bulletin of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) for several years. The dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) estimation method is employed to measure the coefficient of the parameters to test the four hypotheses developed.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings:</strong> The findings of the study indicate that capital health expenditure and recurrent health expenditures are positively related to the performance of the health sector proxy by life expectancy rate but statistically insignificant. However, capital health expenditure is statistically significant to life expectancy.</p> <p><strong>Research Implication:</strong> It was recommended that priority need to be placed on government capital spending on health such as building and equipping of health centres in every community to enhance accessibility to health centres in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>The novelty of the study:</strong> There is a need for an adequate mechanism to be put in place by the health sector to check the stealing of public funds and punish those who misuse and divert such funds. This can promote the generation and prudent utilization of revenue to equip our various health centres ahead of eventualities like the COVID-19.</p> Gwaison Panan Danladi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3 3 35 44 10.36923/ijsser.v3i3.113